Saturday, March 11, 2017

Concept of the Day: Pareto Principle


The Pareto Principle is also know as the 80/20 rule:

Vilfredo Pareto

It was first noted by Vilfredo Pareto when examining the distribution of land ownership:

Kick Your Own Ass: The Will, Skill, and Drill of Selling More Than You Ever by Robert Johnson

Rule of Thumb

Focusing on the 20 percent of causes that lead to 80 percent of the results is a highly recommended method for achieving success:

The Lawyer's Guide to Collaboration Tools and Technologies: Smart Ways to ...by By Dennis M. Kennedy, Tom Mighell




Thursday, March 2, 2017

Gnosticism Part I - The Eastern Jesus

 "If those who lead you say to you, 'See, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, then you will become known, and you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty and it is you who are that poverty." -Jesus
The Gnostic Society Library, The Nag Hammadi Library, The Gospel of Thomas

Gnosticism - The Series 

Gnosticism is a multi-post series on certain strains of early christian thought that were declared heresies and suppressed. For centuries, little was known about these heresies except for what was published by orthodox critics. Fairly recent discoveries of ancient texts have shed amazing insight into the amazing diversity of early christian belief. This is the first post in this series

Gnosis Defined

Gnostic comes form the Greek root:

Gnosis is the common Greek noun for knowledge (γνῶσιςgnôsis, f.). It generally signifies a dualistic knowledge in the sense of mystical enlightenment or "insight". Gnosis taught the deliverance of man from the constraints of earthly existence through insight into an essential relationship, as soul or spirit, with a supramundane place of freedom.

Contrast this with it antonym Agnostic:

Agnostic (from Ancient Greek ἀ- (a-), meaning "without", and γνῶσις (gnōsis), meaning "knowledge") was used by Thomas Henry Huxley in a speech at a meeting of the Metaphysical Society in 1869 to describe his philosophy, which rejects all claims of spiritual or mystical knowledge.

Know Oneself

Gnosticism encourage not a scientific knowledge but a knowledge of ones self:


"Yet to know oneself, at the deepest level, is simultaneously to know God; this is the secret of gnosis. Another gnostic teacher, Monoimus, says:

Abandon the search for God and the creation and other matters of a similar sort. Look for him by taking yourself as the starting point. Learn who it is within you who makes everything his own and says," My God, my mind, my thought, my soul, my body."Learn the sources of sorrow:, joy, love, hate ... If you carefully investigate these matters you will find him in yourself."

Gnostic/Christian Chasms

Judeo-Christian thought:
  • Places gulf between god and man.
  • Sin and repentance based.
  • Jesus saves.
  • Western oriented thought.
Gnostic thought:
  • Self knowledge and divine are identical
  • Illusion and enlightenment based.
  • Jesus is a guide.
  • Eastern oriented thought

Jesus Buddha

There was some contact between Buddhists and early Christians particularly in centers such as Alexandria Egypt:

www.metahistory.org - Approaching Gnostism

 In a hallmark essay published in 1967, renowned Buddhist scholar Edward Conze outlined 17 key similarities between Buddhism and Gnosticism. But comparative studies of this kind are totally out of fashion today, and comprehensive historical perspective on Gnosticism is non-existent.

Diversity of Early Christian Thought

Early Christianity has been mythologized as simple, pure and harmonious source but early Christian thought was actually quite diverse with not a lot of agreement between various factions. The uncovering of ancient gnostic texts over the past several centuries has highlighted just how varied early christian beliefs were.


The Christian movement probably began not from a single center but from many different centers where different groups of disciples of Jesus gathered and tried to make sense of what they had experienced with him and what had happened to him at the end of his public ministry. Each of those groups probably had a very different take on what the significance of Jesus was. Some of them understanding his death and the resurrection experience, if they focused on it, in terms of exaltation. Others understanding it in terms of a resuscitation of the corpse of Jesus, others not worrying very much at all about the resurrection of Jesus, but concentrating on his teaching and trying to propagate that.



2nd Century Universal Mono Christ

Catholic

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French catholique or late Latin catholicus, from Greek katholikos ‘universal’, from kata ‘in respect of’ + holos ‘whole’.

In the second century, this wide of diversity of christian thought was stamped out. It was during the second century that the church focused on:
  • Canon
  • Creed
  • Clergy

www.christiantimelines.com - Second Century

From the time of Jesus to the end of the Fourth Century, Christianity developed as an institution.  The three aspects which undergirded this Christian institution were the Canon, Creed, and Clergy.  While some view this institutionalization of Christianity as a negative development, it was necessary.  Think of it this way:  the Canon, or Scripture, was the message given to the Apostles from God by inspiration of the Holy Spirit.  Therefore, it was the standard by which to measure true Christian faith and practice.  But who was to define and interpret the faith?  The Clergy.  And the Canon is long (think Old and New Testaments) and so an abridged or shortened version of the major teachings was needed, this was the Creed. 

Rebirth of Heresy

Heresy is any belief or theory that is strongly at variance with established beliefs or customs. A heretic is a proponent of such claims or beliefs. Heresy is distinct from both apostasy, which is the explicit renunciation of one's religion, principles or cause, and blasphemy, which is an impious utterance or action concerning God or sacred things.

The early Catholic church did a superb job between the 2nd and 4th centuries of erasing all traces of heresies so much so that little was known about them except for the written condemnation of them by church fathers until the surviving documents gradually started being uncovered.

Sunday, February 26, 2017

Saturday, February 25, 2017

Dreams from a Brave New World, Part II Dark Rabbit




“What is so real as the cry of a child?
A rabbit's cry may be wilder
But it has no soul.” - Sylvia Plath, Ariel














www.quora.com - What's the meaning of "follow the white rabbit"? Where does it come from? by Campion Beaurain, Life Energy Consultant www the shield of life.com

The term “follow the white rabbit” comes from ancient mystical texts that were destroyed by the Church many century’s ago. It came from the Gnostic teachings and were in reference to mans spiritual pursuit of the meaning of life and his futility in trying to find it. A tattered remnant of this story was found in the excavations of ruins in ancient Egypt. It seems the story revealed that in the pursuit of the “white rabbit” at some point the rabbit would stop in its tracks and turn around and attack you with its long claws and sharp teeth. Some experts claim the remnants are fake and the story is absurd. A famous theologian in the Church on his deathbed is said to have screamed that he was being attacked by a huge white rabbit but the Church denies this as a malicious rumor.

National Catholic Register - Into the Gnostic Wonderland

http://jandeane81.com - Alice in Wonderland


www.essene.com - Gnostic Christianity and the Myth of Sophia by Bette Stockbauer

ianellis-jones.blogspot.com - ALICE IN WONDERLAND: THE ANCIENT WISDOM

One version of the Gnostic redeemer myth goes like this. Sophia is said to have accidentally created the physical world but, in so doing, she becomes trapped and unable to return to the heavens. We, too---along with our heroine Alice who falls into a rabbit-hole---are trapped in time and space. In that sense---and that sense alone---we are ‘fallen’ souls. That is the price one pays for ‘spirit’ descending into ‘matter.’


Falling Down Into the Rabbit Hole

www.antraeus.com - Dark Rabbit

"Everything is Queer To-day": Lewis Carroll’s Alice Through the Jungian Looking-Glass by Clifton Snider English Department, Emerit

us California State University, Long Beach

juststuffifoundontheinternet.wordpress.com - Alice in Horrorland.


Bodies, I'm Not an Animal

Body I'm not an animal
Mummy I'm not an abortion
Dragged on a table in a factory
Illegitimate place to be
In a packet in a lavatory
Die little baby screaming
Body screaming fucking bloody mess
It's not an animal it's an abortion



playb
trademark of oligarchs
see europeans as animals

anthropomorphism definition. (an-thruh-puh-mawr-fiz-uhm) The attributing of human characteristics and purposes to inanimate objects, animals, plants, or other natural phenomena, or to God.


Design Observer.com - The Year Playboy Died


Because of its prodigious ability to reproduce, the rabbit is a natural totem for manhood. Its breeding cycle is fast and its commitment to offspring is minimal. Vigorous females can even release eggs in response to copulation and conceive a second litter whilst pregnant with the first. Cleverly, Playboy adopted a rabbit as its symbol, which endures in the form of art director Art Paul’s ingenious bow-tied logo. In the beginning, Playboy’s covers often depicted a rabbit figure looking like a perfect gentleman. More than a logo or mascot, the rabbit served as a symbolic representation of the reader. 

It is often forgotten that the rabbit portrayed on Playboy’s early covers was very much male. Typically, he was an unbridled man, out and about, in good company, as evident on the January 1954 cover — the second issue of the magazine. This same issue also marked the first appearance of the rabbit logo


neurolinguistic programming
women as debased and animals



disney mouskeeters



www.npr.org 2011/03/29 - Less Than Human': The Psychology Of Cruelty

During the Holocaust, Nazis referred to Jews as rats. Hutus involved in the Rwanda genocide called Tutsis cockroaches. Slave owners throughout history considered slaves subhuman animals. In Less Than Human, David Livingstone Smith argues that it's important to define and describe dehumanization, because it's what opens the door for cruelty and genocide.
"We all know, despite what we see in the movies," Smith tells NPR's Neal Conan, "that it's very difficult, psychologically, to kill another human being up close and in cold blood, or to inflict atrocities on them." So, when it does happen, it can be helpful to understand what it is that allows human beings "to overcome the very deep and natural inhibitions they have against treating other people like game animals or vermin or dangerous predators."
Breaking Children

kinsey collected s diary of p
paid them
Kinsey and crowley
k attempted to buy c s diaries
because he knew c was a p

stats for ho that k was citing
no one else even came close to his numbers
ho as viable option

Chemical Castration

sp count of europeans lower
estrogen mimicing chemicals from plastics
se confusion

Sick Soup

distant fathers
abuse trauma
broken families
sick soup with dozens of components

Damaged Goods

In 1913, the modern age of mass manipulation started with the production of the play, Damaged Goods in NYC, financed by Rockefeller.

The play while purportedly a cautionary tale about venereal disease had a deeper subtext of complete social and economic revolution:

www.theatredatabase.com - DAMAGED GOODS The following essay on Damaged Goods was originally published in The Social Significance of the Modern Drama. Emma Goldman. Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1914. pp. 147-60.

The revolutionary significance of Damaged Goods consists in the lesson that not syphilis but the causes that lead to it are the terrible curse of society. Those who rant against syphilis and clamor for more laws, for marriage certificates, for registration and segregation, do not touch even the surface of the evil. Brieux is among the very few modern dramatists who go to the bottom of this question by insisting on a complete social and economic change

The debut featured virtual a who's who of deep state actors at the time from the Rockefeller and Roosevelts to leaders of the Eugenics movement. In the NYT, these actors let slip that their aim was to start opening up America's attitudes towards sex:

nytimes.1913/02/23 - Choosing Audience for Brieux Play


It was the first time Edward Bernays, the father of modern mass manipulations, used sex to sell. His stated goal in the play was to help his magazine business and break resistance to the media restrictions and sex:

www.nytimes.com - The Father of Spin, Edward L. Bernays and the Birth of Public Relations

Eddie and his partner published the doctor's review--a bold step, given their conservative audience. Then they went a step further. They'd read that Richard Bennett, a leading actor (and the father of soon-to-be movie star Joan Bennett), was interested in producing Damaged Goods. So Eddie wrote him, saying, "The editors of the Medical Review of Reviews support your praiseworthy intention to fight sex-pruriency in the United States by producing Brieux's play Damaged Goods. You can count on our help."

    Bennett quickly accepted the offer, pumping up the young editor with visions of a crusade against Victorian mores, promising to recruit actors who would work without pay and prodding him to raise money for the production. Eddie was so excited that he volunteered to underwrite the production.

how did we get to this point
culture was deformed by oligarchs and agents
can identify
bernais in USA



gregor lukas - comminternt culture of hungary
revolution of masses was not going to happen
still wanted to control the masses
neo marxism via frankfurt school
wanted to
long march through culture
se laws
education
critical theory - criticize everyting about europe culture
philosphy for people who want to shatter culture
funded via the commintern
american jw committee hired frankfurt school
to study and combat fascism
authoritan personality book
developed psych profile techniques
psychology of shattering society
psych scale anti semit scale, fascist scale, ethno scale
find technical means to control without telling
this led to
masey conference
became mk ultra
mk ultra looked to way to produce s d rnr culture
manufacturing the deadhead article by joe atwell
gordon lawson traced MK ultra paystubs

CIA Births the Counter Culture


www.gnosticmedia.com - Manufacturing the Deadhead: A Product of Social Engineering… by Joe Atwill and Jan Irvin

Though Gordon Wasson was both chairman for the Council on Foreign Relations and the Vice President of Public Relations for J.P. Morgan Bank, he is most famous as the individual who “discovered,” or more accurately popularized, magic mushrooms. An article in Life magazine described fantastic visions and experiences Wasson claimed to have had while under their influence (see Life, May 13, 1957 – Seeking the Magic Mushroom). Wasson’s claims were the first description of the effects of psilocybin (“magic”) mushrooms presented to the general public.

Most today assume that the CIA and the other intelligence-gathering organizations of the U.S. government are controlled by the democratic process. They therefore believe that MK-ULTRA’s role in creating the psychedelic movement was accidental “blowback.” Very few have even considered the possibility that the entire “counterculture” was social engineering planned to debase America’s culture – as the name implies. The authors believe, however, that there is compelling evidence that indicates that the psychedelic movement was deliberately created. The purpose of this plan was to establish a neo-feudalism by the debasing of the intellectual abilities of young people to make them as easy to control as the serfs of the Dark Ages. One accurate term used for the individuals who were victims of this debasing was "Deadhead," which is an equivocation for a "dead mind" or "a drugged, thoughtless person."


where does this organized psychosis come from
nebbit stanford
ordorno
orkmaier
had been part of the american jw committee project
authoritan personality book
chapter 3
resistance to self insight is contrived
can used psych techniques on people who are not aware
we do not need to appeal to reason and restraint
they are not restrained by concern to damaging minds
fear belongs to fascism
eros belongs to democratic propo
connection between this massey conference and mk ultra
nebbit stanford research
lazerfeld psych beneficial program
need to be a public process to go into relationship between things
everyone should be frightened and curious
identified sources of fascism
as traditional xstian families
declaration of ethnic warfare
rogue problem within cia
govt demanded documents
church committee
helms destroyed
shows who is in charge
had control of political culture
created candidates that they want
the democracy we think we have is fake
frank church died at a suspiciously young age
tim russert asked bush and kerry oaths of skull and bones
kerry i wish i could manifest something secret for you

in they name of fighting fascism
we will mind control the population to
not going to be limited by reason and restraint
s d rnr instead of fear
going to use woodstock
as
wilhelm reich frank school
book on fascism
in order to change political constitution
need to have a s revolution
s is the real driver of culture
Huxley
huxley was manevolent close to rothschilds
huxley talks about humans as if numbers
brave new world
large amount of free mason references
not trying to alert the populaton
but normalizing the plan
it is a better way to live
good because socially stable
complete control
read authors comments on shakespeares messiah
from tempest
long standing family history with eugenics
associations all evil
md ultra friend stanley ormond
hire tim leary to be court jester
video party in 70's aldous and i hired you
participated in mk ultra
culturally shattering
genocide is the plan
eu refugees
then pull the plug on the economy
gladiatorial pit
tempest dream state
shakespeare plays are incoherent unless
you understand
based on isaah erial
elements out of isaah 29
symbolic level out of old statements
on to appocolypse where
gentiles put in a dream and exterminated

Friday, February 24, 2017

Dreams from a Brave New World, Part I The Combine

“O, wonder!
How many goodly creatures are there here!
How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world,
That has such people in't!”
William Shakespeare, The Tempest

What if the foundation of our entire modern culture is based on a lie? What if we are living in a dark dream world fueled by a mass manipulation? This post focus on these topics based on an Our Interesting Times podcast featuring an interview with Joe Atwill from August 4th, 2016:






Here are links to other Joseph Atwill works:
Freedom Slips Revolution Radio - Secret Societies Radio Program Fridays Noon - 1pm
Joe Atwill's Caesars Messiah Book Website

The Combine

This is what I know. The ward is a factory for the Combine. It's for fixing up mistakes made in the neighborhoods and in the schools and in the churches, the hospital is. - Ken Kesey, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest

com·bine1
noun
ˈkämˌbīn/
  1. 1.
    a group of people or companies acting together for a commercial purpose.

    "a powerful industrial combine"

In this podcast, Joe Atwill will tie Kinsey to Aleister Crowley, the Rockefellers, the American Jewish Committee, and to MK Ultra. This was part of research that Joe had conducted to identify members of what the author, Ken Kesey, termed the Combine, a secret society that controls our political, financial and media worlds.

Kinsey, the Media's Guide to the Human Spirit 

Art alone develops weaklings, science alone, monsters. Somewhere, somehow, we must combine the two. -Alfred Kinsey


Joe Atwill (JA) refers to Alfred Kinsey as the  media's map of human sexuality. In the 20th century, With little scrutiny, Kinsey's research was used to overturn some of our societies most sacred moral principles. What would they have found if they had taken the time to probe whether Kinsey was sound enough to serve as such an arbiter of our culture.

First of all, they would have found a man with a hatred towards society with an agenda of overturning traditional morality:

Alfred C. Kinsey: A Public/Private Life by James H. Jones

A scientific researcher whose scientific methods were not professional:

www.washingtonpost.com 1995/12/08 - KINSEY REPORT, FAST AND LOOSE?

Yesterday, the director of the Kinsey Institute revealed that Kinsey's conclusions on the sexuality of young children were based not on scientific study but on the secret history of a single pedophile who kept a diary of his experiences with 317 pre-adolescent boys.


They would have found deeply troubled man who suffered from serious perversions like sexual mutilation:

pervert

Pronunciation /ˈpəːvəːt/
A person whose sexual behaviour is regarded as abnormal and unacceptable.

Asperger Syndrome: A Gift Or a Curse? by By Viktoria Lyons, Dr. Michael Fitzgerald

A man who was also a pedophile:

World Net Daily - STUNNER! KINSEY PAID MY FATHER TO RAPE ME Subject of 1940s 'research' goes public with horrific details of abuse by dad


“Kinsey’s colleague, Gebhard, acknowledged they were coordinating with nursery school directors and operators and parents and grandparents of these kids to obtain the so-called research,” Barber told WND. “He admitted they knowingly were collaborating with these people as they molested the children, and were making use of the fruit of the poisonous tree in Kinsey’s research.
Kinsey also suffered from Aspergers, a developmental disorder:


...that also suffered from Aspergers, a developmental disorder:

Asperger syndrome (AS), also known as Asperger's, is a developmental disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests.

Journal Autism and Developmental Disorders 1999 Aug;29(4):34 6-7 by Fitzgerald M. - Alfred Kinsey

With a psychological profile showing that he was a narcissist:

nar·cis·sist
ˈnärsəsəst/
noun
  1. a person who has an excessive interest in or admiration of themselves.

    "narcissists who think the world revolves around them"


Yet, he was the man the mass media used as a source to define normal sexuality:

http://www.wnd.com/2010/10 - EXPERT TALKS ABOUT THE CALAMITY OF KINSEY

The real issue was Kinsey’s professional legacy – that sex is nothing, and so it’s OK with animals, same-sex, adults and children of any age. Just try to get “consent.” One of Kinsey’s sex partners, Wardell Pomeroy, said that even with infants you can tell by the way they look at you , smile at you, that it’s OK. How can a child give consent to this activity? Kinsey said children “consent” when they fight to escape from their rapist! A child is not mature by definition, it can’t understand the consequences of sexual activity. No child can give consent.

Playboy, Kinsey's Pamphleteer

“I will be Kinsey’s pamphleteer. I will train other people, tell them the truth about our parents and their sexuality,” Reisman says of Hefner.

Ressurrection.wordpress.com 2012/11/03 - The Disciple of Dr. Alfred Kinsey: Hugh Hefner and the PlayBoy Brand Produces Child Pornography

Hugh Hefner credits Kinsey as the inspiration for creating Playboy magazine. Joe Atwill mentions in the interview that when Hefner was confronted with charges of cultural debasement that he would justify himself by citing Kinsey's "science."

Strange Fruits of Sexual Revolution

According to Joe Atwill, Kinsey's faulty research was used as a justification to normalize aberrant behavior and debase our culture partially fueled by media like the  pornography produced by Playboy This has led to negative social consequences such as our current low reproduction rate and high rate of out of wedlock births.

www.henrymakow.com - Playboy and the (Homo) Sexual Revolution

The essence of manhood is to lead and support a family. But in 1972, 3 out of 4 male college students got their ideas about masculinity from Playboy, at an incalculable price to themselves, women, children and society

Playboy subverted this ideal of manhood by playing up the theme of sex without consequences and playing on men's insecurities:

 "Playboy was the first national magazine to exploit college men's fears of women and family commitment. Playboy offered itself as a reliable, comforting substitute for monogamous heterosexual love." (Judith Reisman, "Soft Porn Plays Hardball," p 47)

The New Moral Code

Atwill mentions that the debasement actually started occuring much earlier during the FDR administration with the Herbert Weschler effort to revise American laws based on a new moral code:

Later, starting in the 50's Weschler was able to start shifting laws from common law based to ones based on a new morality that relied heavily on Kinsey's flawed science:

www.drjudithreisman.com - A History of the American Law Institute5s Model Penal Code: The Kinsey Reports Influence on Science-based Legal Reform 

Here is a brief excerpt from the above article that describes this change in philosophy:

Until the promotion of the Model Penal Code, states relied from their beginnings on the common law, which held the view that men are blamable for sexual conduct, and are capable of self-discipline. 

By 1965 the view that men are largely susceptible to feminine wiles and thus no longer blamable for sexual conduct dominated society, psychology and law. Kinsey’s coauthors continued to push his free love dogma in their book that blamed the victim and pitied the predator: 

Another source of the female desire to be forced is a psychological defense and projection mechanism that enables an inhibited woman to enjoy sexual activity without feeling guilty about it. “He made me do it” salves the conscience very readily. Unfortunately this excuse can have disastrous consequences if it is offered by the girl not only to herself but to her outraged parents. As Dr. Kinsey often said, the difference between a “good time” and a “rape” may hinge on whether the girl’s parents were awake when she finally arrived home. .33

From Enforcement to Advocacy

This cultural slide was furthered when law schools started shifting their focus from enforcement of laws to advocacy:
Law as a Means to an End: Threat to the Rule of Law by By Brian Z. Tamanaha
No Morals

Atwill says that America is being governed by a new constitution, a constitution that has been so radically reinterpreted in the past century that it bears no resemblance to the written document. Under this new constitution, states have lost almost all sovereignty. One of the main changes was the states loss of moral laws.

Here is a Princeton University lecture on why Lawrence v. Texas which overturned sodomy laws in 13 states was the worst Supreme Court legal opinion in history:



Rise of MK Ultra

It was also during this time that the CIA started popularizing the mass use of hallucinogenics:

HistoryHole.com - MK-ULTRA – When the CIA Drugged People with LSD

historyhole.com - MK-ULTRA – When the CIA Drugged People with LSD

There was a time when the CIA believed that LSD could be used for mind control. It was during the early 1950s and the CIA had started a program called MK-ULTRA because they feared that the Soviet Union was getting ahead of them in intelligence.

Long Downward Trajectory

According to Atwill, this conjunction of new laws, media promoted new lifestyles and deep state drugging of our society lead to a long downward spiral of family disintegration.

Bad Trips, Woodstock

Atwill mentions Woodstock as an event promoted to debase culture:

www.destinationtips.com - Take a Bad Trip to the Dark Side of Woodstock 69



www.maebrussell.com - OPERATION CHAOSThe CIA's War Against the Sixties Counter-Culture

  All of these musicians were at the peak of a creative period and success at the time they were offered LSD. Their personalities altered drastically. Optimism and gratification were replaced with doubt and misery.

The Forbidden Fruit, Pedophelia

ped now being normalized
breaking down of the moral resistance

Genocide, the End Game

all leading towards genocide and extinction
europe and UK birth rates collapsing
won't be a europe after 100 years with current trends
were told that there was overpopulations

Fake World Wars

oligarchs have always wanted to reduce europe pop
250 to 180 million europeans died in the wars
malfeasance against europe culture
were wars part of this project
there is some evidence of this
the wars were faked
secret societies used as pretexts to
drag politicians into wars
citizens need to be aware
and alert to malfeasance in govt
minated